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This article will explain Jonquil Flower meaning, features, colors and other fun facts about the flower.

The jonquil flower is a popular spring flower with its bright yellow blooms and fragrant flowers. Because of their similarity in shape and color, many mistakenly refer to jonquils as narcissus or daffodils. True jonquil flowers are smaller than narcissus or daffodils. They have a round-shaped, reed-like leaf different from all other Narcissus species.

The most fragrant narcissus species, the jonquil blossom, has a beautiful scent. The jonquil bloom is in full bloom in spring, and large festivals celebrating the flower are held in fall to celebrate bulb planting. These jonquil-themed festivities are primarily celebrated in the southern and southeastern provinces of the United States, where jonquil plants flourish. Springtime gardeners love jonquil because its fragrance is more potent than any other narcissus species.

Narcissus jonquilla is also known as the rush daffodil or jonquil. It is a bulbous, flowering plant that is commonly called the jonquil. This species of Narcissus (daffodil) is native to Spain Portugal and is now naturalized in many other countries: France, Italy, and Turkey. N. jonquilla is a member of the Narcissus or daffodil genus. The Narcissus genus is a part of the Amaryllidaceae or amaryllis family.

Jonquil flower meaning has its roots in its discovery. Carl Linnaeus, a botanist, identified several Narcissus species in 1753. The jonquil was one of them. The history of jonquils goes back even further. It was found in ancient Egyptian graves and is painted on the Pompeii walls. It is prominently featured in Greek mythology and many poems and writings of Ancient Greece. According to some historians, Roman soldiers might have brought the flowers to England during the Crusades. It has been there for hundreds of years.

Features of Jonquil Flowers

Each jonquil can grow up to six flowers from its bulb root. Jonquils are spring flowers that bloom right after the winter. The blooming season for Jonquils is from late April to May. Their beautiful, long, and thin green leaves are stunning. Each jonquil has a trumpet. The central bowl-shaped formation at the center of the flower is called the trumpet. The trumpet contains tiny, hard, black seeds. Jonquil plants grow to about 1.5 feet (ca. 46 cm) high and have narrow, linear leaves curling around upright stems. Each stem could have one to three yellow blooms. The blooms have a heady, sweet, and musky scent. Each flower is surrounded by five flat petals and a cup-shaped corona in the middle.

Etymological Meaning

“Jonquil” is a Spanish word that means “rush,” or juncus. This is the jonquil’s rushy-like foliage.

Narcissus is a Greek word that means “numbness” (or narke). It’s possible that this may be due to the intoxicating smell of the flowers or the toxic nature of their blossoms and bulbs.

What does the Jonquil flower symbolize?

Jonquil flower meaning and symbolization are pointed towards the most profound sentiments we can have. These flowers are linked to the Greek myth of Narcissus, who fell in love with his reflection. Other meanings of the lovely blossoms are different across cultures. They can be used to express imagination, inspiration, vibrancy, forgiveness, triumph, rejuvenation, and revitalization.

Jonquil Flowers in Asian Folktales:

According to Chinese folklore, flowers signify the beginning of a new year. They also represent renewal, vitality, and rebirth. The Welch considers the flowers a sign of good luck since anyone who sees the first bloom of the season will be successful.

Jonquil Blossoms in Victorian Era:

In the Victorian era, the jonquil may mean various messages, from an entreaty for forgiveness to pining for affection.

Jonquils in Greek Legends:

The tale of Narcissus is associated with the Jonquil blooms. As this Greek myth reveals, Young Narcissus was handsome and was aware of his beauty. The young man refused to accept the courtship of Echo, the nymph who longed for him. Eventually, she languished away until all left of her was an echo sound. In retribution, the goddess of revenge Nemesis led Narcissus to a pool where he sees his reflection. His beauty was so captivating that he gazed at it for many days. He eventually got tired and fell in the water, drowning, leaving behind only flowers where he used to sit. This myth explains the connection between vanity and the jonquil flower. Some believe that the jonquil stems sag towards the ground is Narcissus staring into a pool.


The other significant jonquil flower meaning and symbolism include the myth of Persephone. The jonquil was believed to be the flower of the dead by the ancient Greeks. It is believed it grew in the underworld. It is also a symbol of sorrow. The Greek myth about Proserpina may have inspired these meanings. According to legend, Proserpina, a goddess, was collecting lilies, and Pluto, an underworld god, kidnapped her. She was carried away by the god, and she dropped the lilies she had picked. These turned into jonquils. Their blossoms are sagging down in despair for Proserpina.

In other parts of the world, like in the USA, people hold that jonquils won’t bloom if you point at them with your index finger.

Jonquils in Popular Culture:

Jonquils are prevalent in advertising and art, such as Georgia O’Keefe’s paintings.

What do the various colors of the Jonquil flower mean?

Jonquil flowers come in lively yellow. The most common color for jonquil is yellow, but they also come in white or contrasting colors such as white and yellow. The immediate meaning of the jonquil is that it symbolizes the arrival of spring. However, the flower can also have many other implications. The various colors and jonquil flower meanings are enlisted for you.

What does a yellow jonquil symbolize?

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Baby Boomer, Baby Moon, Pipt, Quail, and Trevithian are all varieties that bloom in the yellow shade. They can also be mixed with lighter shades of white and oranges as they fade. These are the most popular color of jonquil. Jonquil flower meaning will be incomplete if their vibrancy and playfulness are kept out of the list. A yellow jonquil is often associated with spring and rebirth. It blooms right after the cold winter months. Thus, it can also embody resilience, persistence, overcoming hindrances, and victory.

What does a white jonquil mean?

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Bell Song, Pueblo, Sailboat are the variants that come with white petals. The trumpets are often tinged with yellow that gradually fades. As with many white flowers, white jonquils symbolize purity. Like many other species of white flowers, white jonquils can be used to symbolize purity and a desire for transformation.

Interesting facts and characteristics of the Jonquil flower:

  • Jonquils are toxic to humans, animals, dogs, cats, and livestock. Although they are deer and gopher-resistant, their ingestion can cause stomach upset, convulsions, and cardiac arrhythmia. If your pets love to chew on grass and plants, Jonquils should not be grown in your garden.
  • Flowers are poisonous, their bulbs even more so. Avoid planting edible bulbs near your Narcissus plants. It is possible to mistake a narcissus bulb for an edible bulb, proving fatal.
  • Although jonquil’s toxic properties make it unsuitable for culinary use, some folk medicine traditions have used them for centuries. Hippocrates, a legendary Greek physician, recommended its oil for treating tumors. Pliny the Elder used the flowers topically.
  • Many cultures have used flowers to treat cancer, from China to North Africa and Arabian Peninsula. Modern science supports this claim by proving that alkaloid extracts from plants can slow down the growth of cancer cells.
  • It is also used to treat dysentery, constipation, anti-spasmodic, emetic, and anti-spasmodic. It has been used as an aphrodisiac and to treat baldness.
  • Jonquils are mainly grown for ornamental purposes. They are one of the most fragrant members of the Narcissus family and are used in perfumery to produce their aromatic oils. They are also used in floriculture.
  • Jonquil is the numerology number 8. This number is associated with practicality, power, and high-material goals. Saturn, the planet, symbolizes this. The negative attributes of the number 8, on the other hand, are cold and uncaring.

The best time to give someone Jonquil flowers

The cheerful scent and bright blossoms of jonquil flowers make them an excellent gift for anyone looking to cheer up someone or celebrate achievements. They are a perfect choice for baby gifts because of their associations with vitality and renewal.

Jonquils are a great addition to birthday bouquets. These flowers are an excellent choice for any occasion where you want to wish someone luck and success or celebrate a milestone. Jonquil flowers are often given to someone born in March since they are birth flowers of March. They can also be used to express feelings for other purposes. Sending jonquil flowers to someone romantically means that you are returning their love and feelings.

Final Words

The striking blooms and fragrance of Jonquil flowers are what makes them so prized. These beautiful flowers have been associated with vainness and self-absorption like in the Greek myth of Narcissus. Nonetheless, they also symbolize creativity, inspiration, forgiveness, success, renewal, and rebirth.