Last updated on May 20th, 2023 at 06:09 pm

Black-eyed Susan has the scientific name Rudbeckia Hirta and is native to North America. This variety of flowers is also found in Western China and many provinces of Canada. 

As wildflowers, they grow in thick beds and often exude a charming sight to behold. These flowers attract different types of bees and butterflies in their bloom season.

It is considered that the meaning of the black-eyed Susan flower’s meaning is unique. At the same time, the flower belongs to the Asteraceae family, which has varieties like aster and daisies. 

Some common names of black-eyed Susan are brown betty, yellow daisy, gloriosa daisy, golden Jerusalem, and English bull’s eye.

What does the Black-Eyed Susan flower symbolize?

Black-eyed Susan grows perennial and often biennial. They are yellow in color with a prominent black center resembling an eye. The flowers grow in thick beds and bloom around the late summer or early autumn season. They reach their full height in about a year. The leaves are hairy and scratchy and have a bright greenish appearance.

In terms of the black-eyed Susan flower, the state of Maryland has designated black-eyed Susan as the state flower. It also celebrates ‘The Run for black-eyed Susan’ in observance of this. During this traditional ceremony, garlands of black-eyed Susan are placed on the neck of horses upon winning the race. The flower symbolizes celebration and affection in the state and was viewed as a sign of triumph and glory.

In addition to this, the flower is used in herbal preparations by native Americans. The roots are known to fight colds and enhance immunity. 

In native cultures, flower petals are used for treating snake bites. The flower, as wild in nature, is also toxic for certain animals.

All in all, the black-eyed Susan symbolic meanings are:

  • justice
  • encouragement
  • motivation
  • resilience
  • positive change

Meaning of the Black-Eyed Susan flower color

Yellow color

Rudbeckia gold star

These black-eyed Susan species have comparatively thin petals and are bright yellow. This variety grows in masses and is perfect for home gardens or secluded zones. They are grown for commercial purposes and can be seen planted in large containers.

Becky and Toto

The varieties of black-eyed Susan, like Becky and Toto, are dwarfish and don’t grow too tall.

Early bird gold

Varieties like early bird gold are bright yellow and have thick petals. They usually attract butterflies and bees to the maximum.

Cherokee sunset Rudbeckia

Cherokee sunset Rudbeckia has chocolate, dark mahogany, or orange center with bright yellow half–petals bloom. This variety grows to 36 inches tall and has hairy bright green leaves. They grow best around June and the end of the autumn season.

Rudbeckia maxima

Rudbeckia maxima, also known as large coneflower, can grow up to 9 feet tall. It is native to the southern and western United States. This variety best grows in prairies, cottage gardens, meadows, and corners of home gardens.

Interesting facts about the Black-Eyed Susan flower

  • Black-eyed can be toxic if eaten by animals like cats.
  • As an inspiration, the black and gold color of black-eyed Susan was officially taken as school colors for the University of Southern Mississippi in 1918.
  • The flower attracts many species of butterflies, like a bordered patch and Gorgone checkerspot, which host their larva for breeding.
  • Black-eyed Susan are self-seeding and grow or spread on their own in the bed.
  • More than popular for the black-eyed Susan flower meaning, they are known for their 40-plus species grown around the world.
  • The flowers bear fruits in seed-like brown color.
  • Animals such as deer, rabbits, and slugs eat this flower.
  • Black-eyed Susan, though, is classified as wildflowers owing to their appearance and certain characteristics—however, they are not endorsed as wildflowers.
  • They are commonly called garden flowers.

How to grow Black-Eyed Susan flowers

If you plan to plant your bed of black-eyed Susan, some of the top varieties of black-eyed Susan are the Autumn sun, Indian Summer, and American gold rush. The Autumn sun can grow up to 7 feet tall and looks elegant alongside patios. These species are more resilient in comparison with other prairie flowers. 

However, they require minimum upkeep, while their watering needs are also minimal. This flower type can also grow as ornamental flowers for flower beds at home or around the patio. 

  1. Don’t rush; select the most resilient variety of black-eyed Susans for your garden and space.
  2. Plant black-eyed Susans in the spring or early fall in full light.
  3. Thoroughly water the plants when planting and as needed during the season.
  4. Feed plants once during the growing season.
  5. Deadhead to keep your plants looking nice and to encourage new blooms.
  6. Allow plants to thrive in the winter to offer food for birds.

How to care for Black-Eyed Susan flowers

  1. Find a brightly lit room to keep the vase in but protect it from direct sunlight. Too much sun will dry out the flowers much faster.
  2. Keep the plant away from any fruit. The Ethylene gas in the fruit is toxic to flowers and will cause them to wilt. 
  3. Since the flower grows better in warmer climates, it requires careful pruning while the growth happens from the root. To prune, normally, the flowers’ edges should be removed.
  4. Remove any leaves or stems under the water to prevent rotting.
  5. Changing water is vital. Every two days, completely dump the water and replace it. 
  6. It is advisable to treat the plants once in a while, as they’re susceptible to fungus. 

Best time to gift Black-Eyed Susan flowers

Along with the uniqueness of the black-eyed Susan flower, the flowers are attractive and exude a cheerful appearance. They have a sun-kissed look and can be great for gifting purposes. These flowers can be combined into a bouquet with Russian sage, salvia, and giant hyssop. 

The black-eyed Susan flower, meaning since the old times, depicts celebration, attention, victory, or cheerfulness. For a reason, black-eyed Susan flowers can be gifted on happy occasions like family parties, baby showers, and marriages. 

They can also become part of tradition easily. Many North American regions still opt for flower varieties in community decorations.


The black-eyed Susan is prized for its brilliant hues and intimate structure and is steeped in history, spanning the arts and ancient cultures.

Whether cultivating your garden or looking for a beautiful wildflower arrangement for gifting, these lovely blooms are a perennial favorite in the spring and summer.

If you want to know and learn more about flowers, we at PansyMaiden can help you. Check out our fun, easy-to-read, and informative flower-related content that you will surely enjoy!