Last updated on May 23rd, 2023 at 02:31 am

Hyacinth is a member of the genus Hyacinthus and the family Asparagaceae (previously known as Hyacinthaceae). It is a relatively small genus of bulbous and herbaceous plants. 

Hyacinths originated in the Mediterranean area and the tropical regions of Africa. These are fragrant flowering plants used in gardens all over the world. The wild species of hyacinth can contain as few as two to three flowers in clusters. However, the ornamental species bred for gardens often have densely clustered flowers.

The name hyacinth originated from Greek mythology. Greek legends describe how Apollo (the god of the Sun) gave the name. The flower grew from the blood of Hyakinthos, Apollo’s follower who Zephyr, the god of the west wind, killed. The Greek term was Huakinthos. As a result of Latin and French influence, Huakinthos became Jacintus (Latin) and Hyacinthe (Jacinte, Old French). Later “hyacinth” became the prevalent term in English.

What does the Hyacinth flower symbolize?

Hyacinth flowers are vibrant and attractive, yet they symbolize more than positivity. Hyacinth’s complicated history and symbolism are rooted in classic Greek mythology. The hyacinth is a flower related to the sun god Apollo and his followers. It is considered a symbol of magnificence, peacefulness, and assurance. Churches are often adorned with hyacinths as a symbol of love, peace, and happiness.

However, the hyacinth flower symbolizes rashness and lust for power or acceptance. This symbolism also tracks back to the same Greek legend that gave the flower its name. The legend states that Zephyr was jealous of Apollo and killed Hyakinthos because he was a devoted follower of Apollo. Apollo was teaching Hyakinthos how to throw a discus. Zephyr was angry and sent a strong wind that would hurl the discus back at the young man. The discus wounded Hyakinthos fatally, and he was killed.

However, the hyacinth flower can also be used to symbolize sorrow or grief at the passing of a close family member. It is considered a suitable choice for use in funeral arrangements.

In Victorian-era England, the hyacinth was also considered a symbol of victory in sports. These flowers can also be used in celebratory bouquets awarded at sporting events.

All in all, the hyacinth flower symbolic meanings are:

  • jealousy
  • deep regret
  • a desire for forgiveness
  • joy
  • sincerity
  • fresh start
  • peace
  • commitment
  • beauty

Meaning of the Hyacinth flower colors

Blue color

Blue hyacinth flowers represent constancy, commitment, and sincerity to a person or a relationship. The blue hyacinth normally achieves peak blooming from March to April. These can be gifted to your partner as a token of loyalty.

White color

White hyacinths are mostly considered symbols of innocence and pureness. It is used in wedding bouquets as they symbolize purity.

However, a white hyacinth also has a religious meaning—it conveys that you are praying for someone’s health and prosperity. This gorgeous white flower signifies that you are sending your prayers to someone

Purple color

Purple hyacinth flowers have a layered symbolism. These flowers are connected with royalty and elegance. They can also denote devotion, spirituality, and innocent love. The purple hyacinth flower is also considered a symbol of mourning, regret, and sometimes (quite oddly!) forgiveness. 

This flower can be gifted to someone you know quite well. However, before using this flower as a gift, consider the context and relationship you share with the person.

Red color

Red hyacinths are often considered a symbol of recreation. The color signifies passionate love and romance. You can convey this romantic feeling as well. These red flowers can also be a perfect gift on general occasions; the message doesn’t need to be limited to romantic feelings.

Yellow color

This is tricky! Somehow, people interpret yellow hyacinths as a symbol of jealousy or envy. It is better to avoid this flower as a gifting option. You may be misread even by a close friend or family member. These flowers are best used in gardens or interior decoration.

Interesting facts about the Hyacinth flowers

  • Each color variety of hyacinth also has its unique fragrance. These flowers were historically used to make perfumes as well.
  • The “bulbs” of hyacinths are toxic. They contain Oxalic acid, which may induce skin rashes.
  • The sap of the hyacinth plant is quite sticky. Documented instances of the sap being used as a binding glue do exist.

How to grow Hyacinth flowers

Hyacinths bloom in mid-spring after being planted in the fall, showering the yard with a burst of pastel colors when the rest of the garden is just waking up. Their aroma is so enticing that they’ve been dubbed “nature’s perfume.” They’re easy to produce and return year after year, making them excellent choices for container gardens.

  1. Hyacinth bulbs should be planted in late summer to early fall in loosened, fairly fertile soil that drains well.
  2. Choose a location that receives at least four hours of direct sunlight daily.
  3. Thoroughly water the bulbs.
  4. After planting, fertilize them with bulb food.

How to care for Hyacinth flowers

  1. Every week, give the hyacinth bulbs one inch of water.
  2. In the spring, fertilize them with bulb food.
  3. Add compost to the soil after they bloom.
  4. Allow the leaves to remain on the plant for six weeks after blooming.

Best time to gift Hyacinth flowers

Hyacinth flowers are usually presented as early spring gifts to brighten someone or their home and represent fresh beginnings. 

These gorgeous flowers are also ideal gifts for weddings and other romantic occasions due to their link with love and devotion.


Every color of the hyacinth conveys a different hyacinth flower meaning. Whether you give hyacinths of a specific color or use them in your garden, it says something special. To choose the right flower color for your requirement, you must understand the message you would be conveying with the flower.

Hyacinths are lovely flowers with a long history of symbolic meaning. Consider including them in your next flower gift to send a strong message to your loved ones.

If you want to know and learn more about flowers, we at PansyMaiden can help you. Check out our fun, easy-to-read, and informative flower-related content that you will surely enjoy!