Also considered wildflowers, lupines are beautiful flowers which are spiky. Lupine flowers belong to the Lupinus family and herbaceous. Bluebonnets belong to the lupine family and put on a spectacular show during the summer. Lupines can be annuals or perennials, based on the region they are planted in. When a whole patch of lupine flowers bloom, they are showstoppers, thanks to tall spikes of bushy flowers in many colors. Lupines are easy to grow from seed, even in hot regions.

Lupines belong to the pea family and the flowers are similar. Lupines are different from pea flowers in that they grow closer together on cone-shaped spikes. These spikes are tall and erect and the foliage is similar to palms. The flowers start opening from the bottom of the spike and go upwards. It is possible to have many colored flowers on a single spike. Flowers can range in color from pastel shades to vivid shades of red, blue and violet. After the flowers drop, seed pods grow in their place.


Lupine comes from the Latin word “Lupus” or wolf. Lupine means wolfish. The lupine plant plays a very important role in a habitat. Lupines not only grow fast but they add nutrients and other essential vitamins back into the soil of any ecology. Lupines play a very important role in the regeneration of a forest. Lupine plants are poisonous and should not be mistaken for peas. Lupine flower meanings and symbolism are many, in different countries.

Lupines are native to the Mediterranean and very useful in improving soil conditions, especially in sandy areas. They also play an important role in controlling weeds. Lupines like cool weather and soil with good drainage. Lupine flowers thrive in acidic soil and do not tolerate alkalinity. Hybrid versions of the plant do well in moderately moist conditions.

What does the Lupine Flower symbolize?


The lupine flower symbolizes many things – wolves, the moon, admiration and a voraciousness for life. Lupines are also believed to be symbolic of werewolves in the forest because of the poisonous nature of their flowers.

Lupines and the underworld are also closely associated. In some mythological stories, it is believed to embody the beauty of Aphrodite and Venus. Other lupine flower meanings include a great imagination, eagerness, admiration, forgiveness, and happiness.

What do the different colors of the Lupine flowers mean?

Like all other flowers, Lupine flowers are attributed different meanings based on individual colors. Here is a list of their meanings. The Lupine flower meaning for the Romans indicated a bright mind with a great imagination. Among the Greeks, lupine seeds were cultivated for food and eaten side by side with lentils and other beans.


White lupine: The white lupine flower stands for forgiveness and self-sacrifice. It also signifies selflessness and compassion for fellow human beings.


Red Lupine: This color of the lupine symbolizes endurance and passionate admiration. It is used to describe people with brave hearts and determination.


Blue Lupine: Blue lupines signify emotional sensitivity. It is also used to describe sorrowful feelings and empathy for those who need it.


Yellow Lupine: Yellow lupines signify an adventurous spirit and a willingness to take on new challenges when they show up. Its symbolism signifies a struggle to survive and uncertainty in voyages.


Pink Lupines: Pink signifies precious memories of loved ones who have moved on. Pink lupines represent unforgettable and cherished memories.


Purple Lupine: The purple lupine flower signifies generosity, a kind heart, determination and generosity.

Interesting facts and characteristics of the Lupine flower

Lupines are flowering plants and part of the pea family. There are close to 200 species in this flower and most can be found in the Americas. Lupines are native to the Mediterranean and can survive in different climates. It requires acidic soil, good sunshine and well drained soil. It grows well in open areas, forests and sandy areas. Over time, lupine plants add much needed nutrients back to the soil and improve soil composition. Lupines are featured as ornamental plants in many flower beds.

Botanical facts

  1. Most of the lupine species is herbaceous. Each plant ranges in height from 1 to 5 feet (1.52 m).
  2. Lupine plants have grey-green leaves and are covered with a fuzz of soft and silvery hair. The leaves consist of 5 to 28 narrow and pointed leaflets.
  3. All lupine flowers grow in very dense clusters on a spike high above the leaves.
  4. Lupine flowers have many colors – pink, red, purple, yellow and blue. They are available in pastel colors and deep and vivid shades of blue, red and purple.
  5. Lupines are very attractive to pollinators like bees, butterflies and hummingbirds.
  6. Lupine seeds are toxic and not to be eaten.
  7. In some regions of the world, lupines are perennials and can also be grown as annuals.

Other interesting facts

  • In New Zealand, lupines are considered as an invasive species. Because of its seeding method, lupine seeds dispersed into the wild and now grow in large numbers along streams and roads.
  • One species of lupine called the Chamis de Monte, is a tree and grows to 8 feet in height. It can be found Oaxaca in Mexico.
  • In olden days, Greeks cultivated lupines and used the seeds as a food source.
  • Ornamental varieties of the lupine have been developed through hybridization and can now be grown in most climatic conditions.

When can you gift Lupine flowers?

Now that you know the lupine flower meaning by color, you can gift plants to friends and family to let them know you care. Whether it is a white flower or purple, include a card with the plant to get your caring message across.


Lupines not only add beauty to a landscape but also add nutrients to the soil. Lupines boost nitrogen content in the soil, which is beneficial to a vegetable garden. Lupines also bring beauty to flower beds and keep the roots of plants around them, cool.